Post-Study Work Rights explored for International Students after graduation

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 An international degree comes with many perks. Albeit, being recognized worldwide, the biggest one which resonates with the cohort is Post-study work rights..which allows options like stay back, privileges’ to look for work in the country after you graduate and even, create your PR pathways!

Ask any aspirant why they wish to gain valuable higher education abroad and Post-study work rights auger well with ALMOST: each and every one.

Before, I go on further with EXPLORING the options available as of date for popular study destinations like Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Ireland or the UK, Let me quickly enlighten you with ACTUAL importance of such rights :

Earlier in fag end of 2011, Most aspirants had been taken aback when favorite study destination like UK capped post-study work duration at JUST four months in 2011 and this is where – the unforeseen occurred then :

As a result, the number of Indian students attending UK universities underwent a dramatic decline, from just under 30,000 in 2011-12 to just over 16,000 in 2016-17.

Now – Check out restoration benefit to UK economy

The above facts and figures had clearly signified the adverse impact with degrowth which loomed on for several years with curbing down of such crucial rights, and thereafter, the current UK govt. has restored the policy with introduction of Post study work visa for 2 years

And yes, International student applicants have literally skyrocketed for UK even amidst Covid-19

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) found that Indian nationals accounted for 17 per cent of the total 299,023 sponsored study visas granted by the UK Home Office in the year ending March 2020, with the number more than doubling from 2019 to hit a total of 49,844 grants a continuous rise since 2016.
– Indian express

Now – At BROADER level, All the major study destinations have an option to work after graduation in their country, and not just this, All such economies have introduced reforms for covering online study duration towards work visa.

Why Post Study Work Rights Matter?

The post-study work rights bring several benefits to international students:

  • Gain easy access to the labour market in the study abroad destination.
  • Bridge the future pathways to Permanent Residency (PR).
  • Boost career prospects through international job experience.
  • Recoup financial expenses incurred in international education.
  • Avail work rights for dependents.

So, It is simply implausible (failing to convince) by now based on the face of records as to why Post study rights is SO important..

I know that Post-study work rights is always eye-catchy for most aspirants owing to the multitude of benefits you get, however, most fail to read the “fine prints/details” i.e. appended rules and regulations and remain inclined to just pursue higher education abroad with their eyes popped after looking at catchy headlines or visuals – in pursuit of bridging pathways for permanent residency.

So, In this blog post, I will talk about the top study abroad destinations for post-study work rights and opportunities – and also examine the “fine print/details” out of extracts usually from official immigration sites, so would be appending that, too for awareness purposes.


At the very outset – Australia has 2 types of post study work rights option originating from temporary graduate visa where you get the dawned advantage to not portray : work experience , English language requirement, Financial requirement at an overview level although conditions may vary from case to case basis.

Temporary Graduate visa (subclass 485)

The Temporary Graduate visa is one of the most popular visa options for international students who have graduated.  Furthermore, This visa has two different streams – Graduate Work Stream and Post-Study Work Stream.

Graduate Work Stream

  • Temporary visa up to 18 months
  • Primarily applies to vocational courses
  • But, With this Visa stream – alongwith the easy leverages, here comes the most crucial aspect : Work must be related to the course you studied.

In an nutshell, This visa is for international students who have recently graduated with skills and qualifications that are relevant to specific occupations Australia needs at specific juncture. Also, you would be required to assessed by a relevant assessing authority in regards to skills being suitable for respective occupation.

The above clause of employment path being related to academic progression gets implied for both streams.

Post-Study Work Stream

  • Goes for a duration of 2 to 5 years, depending upon your location and on the highest educational qualification they have obtained
  • Graduates from regional institutions get extra 1-2 years over the usual duration
  • Must have completed undergraduate or postgraduate level studies at a CRICOS-registered institution

Recently, Australia announced that it will extend post-study work visa rights to foreign students who have studied and lived in regional areas (outside Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne) wef 2021.

Here is a snapshot glance of region-wise categories for more clarity:

Source – SBS Punjabi

Fine prints review

Although, Australian Government have kept Post study work rights policy intact and consistent over the past several years BUT, here are certain limitations which could put you at disadvantage :

  1. You are required to complete minimum two academic years study which is defined as 92 weeks of study by Department of home affairs, Australia
  2. Completion of a Bachelor degree or higher are solely considered for Post study work stream and not diploma or trade qualifications, although, you always have the option of doing packaged/combined courses for completing tenure of 92 weeks as mandated.
    Example : Starting with the diploma course which provide a pathway into undergraduate programs for students who would otherwise not meet the entry requirements of the undergraduate program.

How the opportunity lies in Australia for your best graduate outcome?

I know that cohort of international student aspirants and several even, relying on myths that I have tried to debunk have this notion currently – that Australia is too stringent with their PR policies so it doesn’t make sense to aim for even that.

But, I would suggest to think it from another perspective: Australia’s Migration Program settings are designed to ensure that migration is beneficial for the current and future economic and social development of Australia.

Source : Above extract from deloitte report

Now, If you are not paying heed to above information/extract being cited above and even not doing research on your own about future employability prospects with endeavour to contribute towards economic development for the country where you plan to graduate by going for course being aligned for future professional prospects and being more FOCUSSED towards :

  1. Saving money in initial phase itself, which can be certainly justified by bringing down your tution fees by studying in any XYZ institutions
  2. Relying on short sighted- half baked information with unreliable limited course options, where you are being shown easy pathways just for the sake of getting student visa grant and not being shown viable graduate outcome out of specific course/program

You could be VICTIMIZED by staying unemployed or not finding suitable employment, to recoup your financial implications made so far!

On the contrary, Aim for :

  1. Quality education/appropriate course mapping with work-integrated learning
  2. University/college offering further options to become job-ready with career development centers alike Bond University
  3. Double degree programs making you more versatile with dual skillsets to rely on and much more..
  4. Long run professional development and not instant graitfications – things which would make you happy for now and could adversely impact for professional growth.
  5. Pursuing a course with most appropriate education provider that offers its students to just help you find, not just a job, but a meaningful, rewarding and challenging career.
  6. Most important : Hiring professional consultant/agent for end to end services including course mapping etc who can actually provide results and the one who can actually bring in more money than they cost.

Always remember : Getting a degree is only half the story: infact, you have to work appropriately and seamlessly keeping a progressive approach to transform your qualifications.

Lastly, Australia is thriving economy with its education ranked#1 in the world, still offers many opportunities for international student graduates to gain valuable work experience on completion of their studies.

However, Your post study work rights and option to bridge PR pathways would all square down to few points to head in right direction : did you opt for right course/program which is future career ready? the course which speaks for the successful graduate outcome? does the course align with demand forecast for specific skilled workforce? have you learned to navigate the labor market?


Well – Canada has the most versatile post study work rights program, which goes on to be extended for short to long courses..Yes, Even 8 months duration course from undergraduate or postgraduate program can make you eligible to apply for 1 year PGWP (herewith referred to as Post study work rights)

Canada offers a Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) to its international students who have completed at least an 8-month duration graduate study program from a recognized Canadian institute. You have to apply for PGWP within 180 days after receiving the final marks. You can read more about the PGWP application process and criteria here.

Interestedly, Canada has the highest count for providing opportunities for eligible graduates to attain permanent residence.

4 Top Reasons To Know Why Online English Tests Are The Future To Immigration Pathways?


The fact remains undisputed that Covid-19 with widespread lockdown has taken everyone back by surprise – seeing the restrictive change in lifestyle, standard of living etc.

However, Irrespective of the stringent guidelines imposed by almost all countries – Tech companies still continue to spread their wings and grow even MORE because of increasing demand for online trends and concepts.

Amazingly, Such online trends will continue to grow even after Post-Pandemic period as also said by Forbes

Luckily, in a post-COVID-19 world, technology will be able to help companies and people adapt to the lasting operational, behavioral and psychological changes brought on by the pandemic.


And GUESS what – Who will be the major beneficiary?

None other than the test takers – who would know how to work on computers or even do basic typing. Here’s why :

  • They will be able to give online English tests – like IELTS or Duolingo from comfort of their home
  • As lockdown has started to get eased for economic activities, they are already good to go to give Computer Delivered tests such as IELTS or PTE as such test centers have already started to operate with lockdown ease..

Here’s the main benefit these test-takers will get– if they are able to get the desired band score ASAP?

Their FIRST stepping step towards fulfilling Immigration requirements will already be set and done with desired band score requirements achieved so the Visa application filing process will certainly speed up for them.

Also, Here’s some great news..

Online English tests like IELTS indicator are already being widely accepted now by colleges and educational institutes in Canada, UK or Australia – the list is increasing and our most recent Facebook post with stats from official IELTS indicator site, also testify this point ⬇️

?? 70+ Australia universities/colleges now accepting IELTS Indicator and then, there are strong optimistic signs from…

Posted by Fly2victory on Sunday, 28 June 2020

In this post, I’m also going to show you how Online English tests are becoming increasingly popular and going to be the FUTURE in terms of bridging Immigration pathways including studying, skilled migration or settling abroad.

And yes- you are getting this well-researched information from a test-taker who is none other than me – who has given all 3 tests from 2019 onwards- PTE, Computer Delivered IELTS and Duolingo in short time span and got Proficient English Score 🙂

In other words : these Computer-delivered or online tests are going to be path breaker for the 21st century.

Now, Let’s dive now right in to know the primary reasons :

Computer Delivered Test centers have started to open now!

Test centers for both PTE and CD-IELTS are opening now in most of the cities – henceforth, your DREAMS for unlocking your global career can now be seen happening..



Social gathering (larger) won’t be allowed for
adequate time..



Duolingo (Online) English Test popularity



IELTS transition to Online Platform (CD-IELTS and then, IELTS Indicator)..



– Colleges shifting to online classes
– Chances of educational gap, Bad habit building building over time..
– Motivational levels going down.

Reason #1: Social gathering (larger) isn’t going to be allowed sooner or later

Did we see any announcement by any of the developed nations including Australia, US, Canada, UK saying to allow large social gatherings even when lockdown has started to get eased?

The answer is clear – NO.

When most of the countries across the world announced lockdown – the first precautionary measures that came into effect were face coverings and social distancing so every measure is devoid of keeping larger group gathering at bay.

Logically – “Dis-allowance” of social gathering will come by default as evidently seen through some of recent announcements where most of the places or businesses which might bolster the widespread by way of larger gatherings have been deferred..

Henceforth, Large group gatherings will be the first thing to not be ALLOWED at any costs!

Even, Australia has allowed gatherings to gradually increase with “Phase-2 and Final Phase” out of 3 step plan recently announced. Here, I am referring to Country which has seen the growth rate of new coronavirus cases shrink MOST significantly and India is WAY ahead for increasing cases if we see COVID cases coming up on daily basis over here..

3 step plan by Australia to contain Covid-19

Nonetheless, Business or other social activities that invite much larger gatherings would still not be allowed – and even if allowed, several rules/regulations may apply which could certainly be discouraging for the test-takers, if I refer precisely to Paper-based IELTS remote test centers as most of test-takers travel from distant places.

Will larger gatherings disallowance affect Paper-based IELTS – remote centres?

Yes – It will and here are the major reason or hurdle, in other terms –


More regulatory norms will be there..

  • Remote test centers for Paper-based IELTS are usually held in larger halls, preferably banquet halls in Hotels. Now for holding such test type events – Hotels will need to comply with several norms put in place by the local authorities.
    Such rented spaces are usually chosen by the Co-owners as they can accommodate at least 300+ test-takers in one go – ever since, Paper based IELTS are deemed to be getting conducted twice in a month.

  • And then, Already we are at Day-55 and still going since lockdown got imposed in India – and everyone knows that Hotels are still not exempted from opening up..Now, this clearly signifies that places which might be prone to larger gatherings are not being given leverage by Indian Govt. so quickly.

Also – If we see it clearly from another perspective, IDP and British Council “Co-owners of IELTS” have also started to revolutionize and enhance test-taking format taking it Online with Computer Delivered tests and have been religiously promoting such format from all spheres which is another optimistic sign..

Reason #2: Duolingo (Online) English Test popularity

One will be amazed to see the surge in trend in Duolingo search volume in just matter of last few months – which did not even see the light of day earlier from SO many years, amongst test takers planning to migrate abroad!

So, The popularity amongst test-takers is certainly increasing day by day..

Now, here are some core reasons for Duolingo getting popular..

❤Why you would like to give Duolingo – Online English test, being widely accepted now by colleges and universities even…

Posted by Fly2victory on Sunday, 10 May 2020

And then, If you see the stats of colleges and educational institutes primarily in Canada or the United Kingdom, already accepting Duolingo for availing “Offer Letter” – You will see astonishing figures which have certainly skyrocketed in past 1-2 months since lockdown got imposed.

  • 139+ Colleges/universities accepting in Canada
  • 40+ in United Kingdom

Then, Duolingo is way easier than IELTS or PTE..

The question which strikes most of the test takers specifically, when India has MAXIMUM non-native English speakers is –

“Do we have any alternative to IELTS or PTE as they are quite tough to get desired band score – usually 6+ for increasing your chances for getting admission in reputable college?”

So, Here this is – undoubtedly the real alternative which is much easier/scoring and gets completed in just less than 1 hour.

Duolingo vs. IELTS score comparison

To affirm the point of Duolingo being easier to score – See the Equivalency table below and you will see that if even if you score 100+ in duolingo , You have already got the desired band score ever since it will be equal to 6+ IELTS band score – Amazing, Isn’t it?

And then – Obviously, This will make your journey easier for securing Offer letter from renowned colleges..

Source – Duolingo official site

Reason #3: IELTS transition to Computer-Delivered and then, to IELTS Indicator (Online) test


IELTS took everyone by surprise in 2018 when they introduced their cloud-based test – Computer-delivered IELTS (herewith referred to as “CD-IELTS”) and then, there has been no looking back – only, SURGE and SURGE in terms of technological advancements by the Co-owners.

Now, you might be wondering if there are ACTUAL tangible benefits for giving such tests on Computers? Well, there are ample benefits out of which I wish to name a few –

  1. Reading module – Copy & paste functionality+Easy reading viewer
  2. Note taking+highlighting functionality
  3. Writing – Word count + No handwriting worries+ Easy to edit
  4. Review option
  5. Personalized settings
  6. Less test-takers = Near to null noise or distractions
  7. Much more test dates
  8. Faster test results turnaround – 4-5 days

Wanting to know more in context to advantages?

Then, Came IELTS indicator amidst Covid-19 pandemic in 2020..

“IELTS Indicator is our new online Academic test designed to support you during the COVID-19 situation to help keep your education goals on track.”
IELTS Indicator official site

You might be even worried if IELTS indicator is something new “out of the box”? Whether it is distinguishable from previous IELTS?

Don’t worry! It is not different..

In fact, IELTS indicator is a revolutionary online test which has expanded further from CD-IELTS henceforth it is quite SIMILAR to CD-IELTS.

Therefore, handling the real environment is going to be easier for you if you have given Computer-delivered IELTS or have been practicing IELTS module questions online.

Only speaking will differ a bit…

Speaking is going to be only different here in IELTS indicator – which will be not person to person like seen in the usual IELTS test, although, basic strategies and methodology to be deployed are going to be same for success!

Here’s the main difference – You will be simply interacting with examiner via Zoom video conferencing.

But, there is a caveat as per the official statement on IELTS indicator site –

“The Academic test is available for a limited time while IELTS testing is currently suspended due to COVID-19… ” so we can take it with much firm mindset that CD-IELTS will take dominance again over Paper-based IELTS owing to large gathering restrictions and others which I had shared earlier in this post..

How can it be said that CD-IELTS is still going to be the future?

Well – there are clear signs that offline test centres might not see their light of day so easily. Check them out below :

  1. Seeing the current pandemic situation
  2. Measures being taken by Indian Government to contain widespread
  3. No places yet being ordered to open which can invite large group gatherings

And then – CD-IELTS test centers have been constructed to accommodate around 20-50 test takers at ONE GO so this much gathering is being allowed on gradual basis!

Also, here is a CLEAR positive sign by IDP that CD-IELTS test centers have gradually started to open now – which again, affirms my point that CD-IELTS will be the FUTURE…

Source –

Reason #4:
– Colleges shifting to online classes
– Chances of educational gap, Bad habit building building over time..
– Motivational levels going down..

I know that I have added several reasons in “Single package- Reason #4” but couldn’t refrain from doing so ever since all are linked to each other.

Let me explain HOW –

Online classes linked to cover up for Educational gaps and other benefits..

Most of the colleges are almost ready whilst, some getting ready to start their fall semesters without undue delays and then GUESS what – there is government support also coming from all sphere like Postgraduate Work Permit which is referred to as “Work after study” in layman terms announced to cover the course even taken through online learning.

Such bonafide measure would squarely help the international students who are not able to make it to destination college for studying owing to border restrictions which can be either ways – origin or destination as their semesters would still remain in continuity through online learning.

Educational gap can be created..

The reason for major surge and interest in Online English tests is also to overcome the inevitable Education gap..

In case, you are not aware about the adverse consequences what education gap will bring – Read on :

Did you know that colleges and universities check for education gap aspect when reviewing application of student? And if they find that the gap is not justified with clear documentary evidences – this would cause impediment for your offer letter grant!

Educational gap going beyond one year or beyond, can certainly cause obstacles from very beginning so why to even let it happen for a chance? Why would you want your application to become :

  • lengthy
  • redundant with so many statements
  • boring
  • unconvincing

for the sake of justifying educational gaps, then?

Infact, Adding SO much details would also not help the college application reviewer and might have his focus diverted from other important points which would actually add credibility to your profile, making it MUCH easier for the college application reviewer to grant you Offer letter…

Chance of developing Bad habit – Procrastination

I would not go much into nitty-gritty here..

Firstly, Let’s know the meaning of Procrastination-

In layman terms, It is – “The action of delaying or postponing something”
– Search Google for “Procrastination”

By watching this video above – you will get to know the ill effects of procrastination 🙂

Always remember – Time never stops and will never come back. In the last, we are only left with REGRETS!

I am sure that by watching the video above – you will be able to relate it pretty well with your Career advancements as to how much delaying or procrastination would hurt in the longer run.

With Procrastination – Motivational levels will crash..

Yes – You will require to stay motivated for giving IELTS indicator or Duolingo even when all of the test centres are shut, although Computer delivered test centres have started to gradually open now or

Motivational levels will go crashing with you being victimized by procrastination or even further – regrets ):

Still not motivated during these uncertain times?

Get to read this article which would strengthen you mentally (for sure)


In the light of legit reasons given above supported with facts – there is no deniable truth that Online English tests are the FUTURE (Adding quick summary below to corroborate)

  • With so many colleges already accepting IELTS Indicator and Duolingo as English language Proficiency Requirements amid Covid-19 lockdown
  • Seeing the way, IELTS have been transformed with CD-IELTS and NOW, they are also primarily focussed onto promoting CD-IELTS as much as possible..
  • PTE already in place – which had origin from being Computer-based from the VERY BEGINNING..

Are you still not convinced that Online English tests will be the future? – ever since Paper based IELTS has been much more comfortable and ALWAYS popular amongst test takers – Let me know in the comments below WHY you still feel IELTS won’t leave it’s roots 🙂

It is easy to get swayed by all the negative vibes the coronavirus pandemic has caused in our everyday lives – as a result, we forget how in times of crisis there presents an opportunity for human kindness to reveal itself..

“Remember – We are all in the same storm, but we are not on the same boat.
It is now or never and such uncertain times haven’t come for the first time and economies have been able to recoup back even stronger in the past also as said by as also said by Thelin – A university research professor at the University of Kentucky

Frequently asked questions

Yes! It will be accepted but do remember that IELTS Academic is solely being provided under IELTS Indicator so if you are applying for Permanent Residency or visa related to working abroad, you should give IELTS General which is being supported by Computer Delivered IELTS test centers.

Yes! there is possibility if you have individual band score of 5.5 in 1-2 modules although, it is the sole discretion of the admission officer in specific colleges or universities and it would also depend upon the course you apply for.

Usually, the English language proficiency requirement is always given on the courses page on the official sites of Educational institutes.

However, It is always viable to have a minimum 6.0 band score which is also defined for the popular Student Direct Stream (SDS) program by Canada for a study permit.

There are several points to support this standpoint such as

  1. Reading – Copy & paste functionality+Easy reading viewer
  2. Note taking+highlighting functionality
  3. Writing – Word count + No handwriting worries+ Easy to edit = this is the NICHE advantage..
  4. No page flipping
  5. Review option
  6. Personalized settings on computer for easy viewing

Although, It is more about personal preferences as to which test taker prefers as the content (difficulty, time frame, number of questions, question types etc) are similar in both – IELTS computer-delivered – herewith referred to as “CD-IELTS” and IELTS paper-based.

Yes, You can ever since all the official immigration sites – Australia, Canada or United kingdom are already accepting Online Visa Applications.

Well – It is more about asking your “Inner instincts” and ask these questions to yourself:

  1. What it is going to be be studying abroad?
  2. How it will raise your learning experience?
  3. Why is it essential for your future?
  4. How study abroad will uplift your employment chances?

And – If you are getting positive response – Go Ahead or, If you are unsure currently, Get your profile accessed for now and then, apply for winter intake in January or February.2020

It is actually easy to get distracted or overwhelmed during such unprecedented times of Covid-19.

  1. Firstly, Do not get overwhelmed or put too much pressure which could even result in anxiety. Instead, Keep the end goal into mind and remember that acing this test is one of the most important stepping stone for immigration pathways.
  2. Then, Practice Self-compassion which is extending compassion to one’s self in instances of perceived inadequacy, failure, or general suffering. Don’t get swayed away by negative vibes
  3. Follow a structured study plan by enrolling with us which already has the ingredients to get 80% results with 20% efforts.

To know more – Read our Facebook post

As of currently, Canadian educational institutes have outnumbered others. Already 139+ institutes in Canada are accepting the online Duolingo test.

Yes, The major surge with popularity has been due to it being way easier than other equivalent English language Proficiency tests and then, it can be given from the comfort of your home.

No. Not at all! Infact, It is the easiest amongst all other English tests, subject to you being able to handle bit of complexity which will appear on the face of records such as questions coming from all four modules – Reading, listening, Speaking and writing on random basis.

Yes, As many times however, why to take a chance and spend hefty amount by retaking it again and again. Also, You cannot expect DIFFERENT results if you are committing similar mistakes again and again with no proper review or improvement upon them.

Instead, We always prefer to have you get the desired band score in one go by:

  • Following structured study plan even for online english tests
  • Not repeat similar mistakes again and again after referring to stats and VALUABLE data from score analyzer made precisely for this purpose.
  • Precisely know your strong and weak areas for each module types.
  • Make it easier for our trainers to work on the weaknesses with score insights, checklists and assessments